On July 28th 2016 the Indonesian Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) with the Center on Child Protection Universitas Indonesia PUSKAPA and the Australia-Indonesia Partnership on Governance for Growth KOMPAK launched a study looking at the bottlenecks, barriers, and opportunities in the existing birth and death registration system in Indonesia. The findings of this study inform Government interventions to bolster President Joko Widodo’s plan to achieve 85% birth registration coverage by end of 2019 as well as his goal to reduce maternal and child mortality that can only be measured within an improved vital data. An ambitious plan considering that about 40% of Indonesian children were still unregistered. In the next three to five years, PUSKAPA and KOMPAK as well as other development partners will support the Government on bringing civil registration services closer to the community to reach the most vulnerable, facilitating civil registration processes through frontline services of health, education, and social assistance so events can be recorded at its first instance, and improving the quality of vital statistics produced from civil registry. All putting the most vulnerable -children, women, and people with special needs, at the center.